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Marburg virus is the causative agent of Marburg virus disease (MVD), a disease with a case fatality ratio as high as 88%.
However, the fatality can be brought lower with good and timely patient care. Both Marburg and Ebola viruses are members of the Filoviridae family (filovirus). Although these are caused by different viruses, the two diseases are clinically similar on many grounds. Marburg virus disease is rare and has the capacity to cause outbreaks with high fatality rates.
Spread of the Marburg Virus
Initially, extended exposure to mines or caves led to human MVD infections. According to the World Health Organization, the virus is conveyed to people by fruit bats and can then pass from one person to another by bodily fluids, including contaminated surfaces or clothing.
After a worker at a facility in the town of Marburg contracted the disease from monkeys, the first Marburg Virus outbreak was documented in 1967 in Germany. Since then, eastern or southern Africa have seen the majority of outbreaks.
Marburg spreads from person to person by physical touch. A person may come into contact with the blood, secretions, organs, or other bodily fluids of an infected person through a cut on their skin or through their mucous membranes. It can also spread from objects and materials that have been in contact with these fluids, like contaminated bedding or clothing.
For the same reason, medical professionals commonly contract the illnesses caused by this virus while attending to patients who have MVD that has either been suspected or proven. When precautions are not rigorously followed, intimate contact with the infectant has a tendency to spread. Transmission occurs when contaminated injection equipment or a needle stick occurs, which causes fast deterioration and may increase the likelihood of fatalities.
signs of the Marburg virus
The sickness caused by the Marburg virus might take two to 21 days to incubate. The sickness typically strikes suddenly, with a high fever, a terrible headache, lethargy, and aches and pains in the muscles. Severe diarrhoea, abdominal discomfort, cramps, and nausea are some other common conditions that are brought on by the virus. On the third day, the majority of people also vomit. Additionally, diarrhoea might last a week or even 10 days in rare circumstances.